Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by the physical and sexual contact. They can be transmitted from one person to another via the body fluids such as blood, saliva, and semen and mostly through sexual contact. STDs effects both but mostly it affects women. If a pregnant lady gets affected by STDs than the baby will also develop serious problems. They are mostly caused by viruses.
Why are women more prone to STDs?
A women body’s anatomy makes her prone to get infected by the viruses and bacteria. Unlike the penis, that has thick skin vagina has a delicate mucous membrane that allows easy penetration of the viruses and bacteria into it. Moreover, the environment of the vagina is warm and moist that allows a perfect medium for the growth of certain bacteria and viruses.
COMMON SYMPTOMS: Sexual health is as important as the general health is. Women should know everything related to her sexual health. Every woman should know the symptoms and risk factors of STDs so she can seek a medical advice if needed. Some common symptoms are:
- Changes in Urination: pain and burning sensation, frequent urination along with blood in urine.
- Abnormal Vaginal Discharge: Thick and white discharge indicates the yeast infection. If the discharge is yellow in color it means there is an indication of gonorrhea and trichomoniasis.
- VAGINAL ITCHING: Itching is another non-specific symptom. It may be due to an allergic reaction to a latex condom, yeast infection and genital warts.
- RASHES AND SORES: Rashes, tiny pimples, and sores around the mouth of vagina indicates HPV, herpes, and syphilis.
PREVENTION:The first line prevention is to have ‘Safe Sex’.
- Abstain: Abstaining from the sexual acts is the most effective and simple method to prevent STDs.
- Vaccinations: There is a certain type of vaccinations that helps to prevent two types of sexually transmitted infections that is HPV (Human papillomavirus) and Hepatitis B.
- Get Tested Regularly: Specifically, women should get an STD test every 4 to 5 months if they are sexually active.
- Use Protection: Using protection with a new condom every time before getting involved in any sexually active act can save you and your partner from getting infections.
After diagnosis, start the treatment immediately and communicate with your partner and tell them that they need to be tested and treated properly too. Abstain from the sexual contact until your doctor allows you after being completely cured.
Health is a human right, not a privilege to be purchased.